類別:社會科學/政治.
 (版權窗口 繁體: David  簡體: David  )
The Fractured Republic: Renewing America’s Social Contract in the Age of Individualism
分裂的共和國: 個人主義世代美國該何去何從
版本: 精裝272頁  2016 年 5 月 24 日  Basic Books; 1 edition出版
ISBN:9780465061969
相關連結:
內容介紹

今日的美國人既挫敗又焦慮,景氣蕭條、勞工沒有安全感。收入的不平等、文化差異、政治意識型態兩極化都讓美國呈現分裂的狀態。政治體制似乎癱瘓無所作為,無法面對當今美國面對的挑戰。

這也難怪當今的美國人懷念過往的美好時光,左派回想二十世紀中期工會強大的日子,當時推陳出新的公共政策讓人們覺得社會問題解決有望,種族融合與性平等的社會運動當時也如火如荼的進行中。右派的人則是懷念著雷根年代,當時雷根解除政府調控管制、降低稅收來刺激經濟,文化傳統復甦,當時的美國既自信又樂觀。當今的左派和右派都希望借鏡過往來解決當今美國所面對的種種問題。

在《分裂的共和國: 個人主義世代美國該何去何從》一書中,作者尤瓦爾•萊文(Yuval Levin)認為左右派對過往政治的懷念無法解決問題只是耽誤了二十一世紀美國人的未來。共和民主兩黨都漠視了美國在二十世紀後半的轉變,曾經一統主宰經濟、政治、文化的機構日益分化,這些機構單位越來越小、越多元、越個性化。個人主義與自由主義盛行的美國是用消失的團結與社會秩序換來的。於是人們在生活的各個領域的選擇權越來越多、但是人們的安全、穩定以及國家的統一反而是遭受挑戰。

尤瓦爾•萊文認為政治體系面臨改革與時俱進的需求,避免極端個人主義的產生,另外將美國穩定的力量重新定義在家庭與社區、學校與教會、慈善機構與不同組織、當地政府與市場。透過這樣的改革美國才能避免分裂。

作者介紹

尤瓦爾•萊文(Yuval Levin)是《國家利益》(National Affairs)雜誌編輯,另外也是道德與公共政策中心(the Ethics and Public Policy Center) 赫托高級研究員(Hertog Fellow)。他是《國家評論》(National Review)與《旗幟週刊》(Weekly Standard)雜誌特約編輯。他的文章常刊於《紐約時報》(The New York Times)、《華盛頓郵報》(Washington Post)、《華爾街日報》(The Wall Street Journal)等。尤瓦爾•萊文擁有芝加哥大學社會思想委員會博士學位(Committee on Social Thought, University of Chicago),曾當過美國總統喬治•布希國內政策官員。他先前出版THE GREAT DEBATE: Edmund Burke, Thomas Paine, and the Birth of Right and Left一書,目前住在美國馬里蘭州(Maryland)。

書評

Jonathan Haidt, author of The Righteous Mind
“What on Earth has happened to our country? This is the question of the decade, and Levin offers the most compelling answer. His history and sociology are magisterial. Whatever your politics, after accompanying Levin on this grand tour, you’ll leave behind failed partisan frameworks and see our recent past—and therefore our future—in a new and more hopeful light. This is the book America most needs to read in 2016.”

George Packer, author of The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America
“Yuval Levin is the most interesting American conservative writing today. He starts from assumptions and commitments that I don't share, but The Fractured Republic persuaded me on many counts as both description and vision. Levin's writing is sharp, subtle, and humane. His work gives the sense that our future needn't be as grimly divided and dysfunctional as the present seems.”

Francis Fukuyama, professor of political science at Stanford University and author of Political Order and Political Decay
“Yuval Levin, one of the most acute observers of social policy, locates our current political unhappiness in the backward-looking nostalgia of both right and left for a mid-20th century America that will never be recovered. His proposed solution—acceptance of our fundamental diversity through the strengthening of mediating institutions—is an important one that deserves to be heard amidst our current partisan wrangling.”