類別:/社會科學.
 (版權窗口 繁體:已售 簡體: Mengying  )
Out of Sight: The Long and Disturbing Story of Outsourcing Catastrophe
外包災難:那些在我們視線之外的工業事故
版本: 精裝256頁  2015 年 6 月 2 日  The New Press出版
內容介紹

 當工作不再有國界,而法律的保障仍有國家的限制。這樣的情況導致了資本家相互競逐「秀下線」的工人剝削和環境汙染。此書中歷史學家Erik Loomis追隨紐約三角內衣工廠大火*的到2013年孟加拉薩瓦區大樓的倒塌事故*。事實是,我們工業生產的系統,就如同我們在工業革命時代一樣的醜陋,只是現在那樣黑暗的一面,隱藏在遙遠的他國,受苦的是遠方最無力的勞動者們。

 

今日,美國的資本家認為任何環保法規都會增加生產成本,並威脅會將產業外移到其他不須面對此法規問題的國家。但此書告訴我們,這並非事實。作者讓我們看到20世紀美國環境運動或工人運動的勝利,像是美國清水法案(Clean Water Act)、淨化空氣法(Clean Air Act)、經濟合作協定(EPA)。這些歷史呼籲著我們理解,當我們為我們的地球採取維護與行動,我們就是在捍衛我們作為勞動者的尊嚴。


*紐約三角內衣工廠火災發生於1911325日,是美國紐約市歷史上最大的工業災難,火災導致146名服裝工人被燒死或因被迫跳樓致死,死者大多數是女性。這也是紐約市2001911事件之前最嚴重的工作場所的災難。當時管理人員為了防止一些工人趁換班時溜出去休息抽菸,將通向樓梯井和出口的門全部上鎖,致事發時多數女工未能及時逃生。這場火災敦促了立法——要求改善工廠安全標準,並且促進了國際婦女服裝工人聯合會(International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union)的發展,該組織致力於為血汗工廠的工人爭取更好及更安全的工作環境。

 

*2013年孟加拉薩瓦區大樓倒塌事故(英文:2013 Savar building collapse),是指2013424日發生於孟加拉達卡市薩瓦鄉的一棟8層大樓倒塌巨災,經過19天連日搜索,最終在2013513確定死亡人數達1,127人、約2,500人受傷,它是全世界最嚴重的建築物倒塌災難。儘管發現大樓牆壁出現裂開跡象後,就曾有人呼籲停止繼續使用該大樓,惟當時問題並未得到正視。此場建築物倒塌災難傷亡非常慘重,超越了5個月前所發生的2012年達卡大火,成為孟加拉死傷最為嚴重的工業事故之一,同時建築物倒塌類事故罹難人數已遠遠超越原本排在首位的1995年南韓三豐百貨倒塌事件

作者介紹

羅德島大學的歷史系助理教授,他的部落格關心律師、槍枝、金錢以及工人和環境議題的過去與現在。他的作品同樣出現在Alternet, Truthout, and Salon

作者介紹:http://web.uri.edu/history/meet/erik-loomis/

 

 

書評

 "The arrival of Out of Sight could not have been better timed. Erik Loomis prescribes how activists can take back our country—for workers and for those who care about the health of our planet."
—Senator Sherrod Brown (D-OH)

"The rise of unbridled corporate power has been a disaster in so many ways—including the ability of the 1 percent to intimidate the rest of us into remaining silent lest we displease our masters. The story told here is tragic and important."
—Bill McKibben, author of Deep Economy

"Erik Loomis has globalized [Upton Sinclair’s] The Jungle. He shows that the most important reason for U.S. corporations to produce abroad is to avoid the regulations that books like The Jungle produced. Perhaps Out of Sight can prompt a similar movement on behalf of workers around the world, our planetary environment, and, yes, we who wear the clothes and eat the sausage that ‘they’ produce."
—James Loewen, author of Lies My Teacher Told Me

"In this dazzling overview of industrial history, Erik Loomis shows how we can—no, we must—fight for both decent jobs and a clean environment. We can do so by not letting the corporations escape ‘out of sight.’ We need to think and act as globally as corporations do, and force them to respect rights wherever they go. This book is a must-read for people who care about jobs and the environment."
—Aviva Chomsky, professor of history at Salem State University and author of Undocumented: How Immigration Became Illegal

"Well-written and informative . . . shows the many strong connections between workplace catastrophes, poor working conditions, diseases, and environmental disasters. Highly recommended."
—Kalpona Akter, executive director of the Bangladesh Centre for Worker Solidarity, Dhaka

"A passionate condemnation of the power that corporations hold over our lives, Erik Loomis shows that capitalism’s geography is a central element in class conflicts."
—Andrew Herod, Distinguished Professor of Geography at the University of Georgia

"Erik Loomis shows that our systems remain broken, and it is our planet and her people, particularly the most marginalized communities, who are paying the price. However, there is hope in collective action."
—Jacqueline Patterson, director of the NAACP Environmental and Climate Justice Program

"One of the top voices chronicling the struggles of the twenty-first-century labor movement. Loomis’s blunt, witty, take-no-prisoners style always promises an exciting read."
—Sarah Jaffe