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THE BILLION DOLLAR SPY by David E. Hoffman: A True Story of Cold War Espionage and Betrayal
億萬情報間諜:冷戰時期一切情報、機密與背叛的真實故事
版本: 精裝336頁  2015 年 7 月 7 日  Doubleday出版
ISBN:978-0385537605
內容介紹

 普利茲獎得主作家 大衛‧霍夫曼(David E. Hoffman),繼核軍備競賽歷史書籍《瀕死的手》(暫譯,The Dead Hand)之後,再次創作一部精彩的真實歷史驚悚故事,帶讀者一窺冷戰期間CIA(美國中央情報局)與KGB(蘇聯情報局)的激烈抗爭。當年CIA最寶貴的情報間諜如何躲避KGB的天羅地網的監視,才能順利將原本美國五角大廈需要花費兩億美元研究經費才能獲得的資訊傳遞回美國總部。

 1978年二月十六號的傍晚,CIA莫斯科情報站的局長正要上車時,收到一封匿名俄羅斯人的信件。信封裡內容震撼全美國內部,原來蘇聯政府一切秘密的軍事技術發展,美國都毫不知情⋯⋯

 1979年至1985年間,軍事研究中心的工程師托克夫 (Adolf Tolkachev不斷向美國揭露蘇聯軍事研究的機要秘密。托克夫是美國在冷戰期間最寶貴的間諜,曾受到知名間諜Viktor BelenkoAndrei Sakharov的啟發,因著對共產政府的憤怒,同時基於利益及對美國文化的崇尚,托克夫甘冒生命危險,化作代號CKSPHERE,提供了幾萬張蘇聯最新的航空資訊,才讓美國獲得俄國近年來有可能發展的技術。

 莫斯科情報站一直都是KGB時期最危險的任派。1960年代,CIA失去了有力間諜Oleg Penkovsky之後,CIA長久掙扎是否要再僱用敵方情報員。極端偏執的CIA莫斯科局局長James Angleton,深信KGB正在鋪設誘餌,不願相信任何俄羅斯人。要取得蘇聯情報,也變得寸步難行。直到1975年Angleton卸任,換進一批更具冒險精神的探員,情勢才逐漸轉舵,任用托克夫亦是一大突破。雙方都冒著危險,抱著懷疑及恐懼,緊張並謹慎地合作著。針孔相機、代號、街角會面⋯⋯用各種間諜手段,試圖逃脫KGB的監視⋯⋯。究竟是什麼原因,讓托克夫出賣自己的國家?又是什麼差錯,最終這位最有力的間諜,又被CIA內部成員出賣給KGB⋯⋯?一切答案、歷史、真相,都藏在《億萬情報間諜》一書裡。

 這段重要且情節精彩鬥智的歷史故事,過去從來沒有作品像這本書詳述得如此淋漓盡致。作者霍夫曼身為《華盛頓郵報》資深編輯,曾任莫斯科局長無疑是寫作此歷史故事的最佳人選。霍夫曼透過CIA過去的機密資料,並大量訪問當時參與事件的當事人,把這段本身已經就夠精彩的歷史事件,轉化成約翰勒卡雷間諜小說般的故事,帶讀者進入這場間諜的刺激冒險。

作者介紹

 David E. Hoffman (大衛‧霍夫曼) 現任《華盛頓郵報》The Washington Post的資深編輯,及美國公共電視網PBS《前線》FRONTLINE節目的記者。牛津大學俄文系畢業。曾但任報社海外編輯、莫斯科分部主管、駐白宮記者。著有《瀕死的手:揭露冷戰期間核軍備競賽的故事》(暫譯,The Dead Hand: The Untold Story of the Cold War Arms Race and Its Dangerous Legacy、《寡頭政治:在新俄羅斯有錢有勢的人》(The Oligarchs: Wealth and Power in the New Russia)。曾獲普利茲非小說獎。現與妻子居於馬里蘭。

書評

 A thoroughly researched excavation of an astoundingly important (and sadly sacrificed) spy for the CIA during the low point of the 1970s.

The winner of the Pulitzer Prize for his previous book, The Dead Hand: The Untold Story of the Cold War Arms Race and Its Dangerous Legacy (2009), Washington Post contributing editor Hoffman has strong credentials to tell the unheralded story of Adolf Tolkachev (1927-1986), a radar engineer who offered invaluable information on the state of arms technology in the Soviet Union until he was snagged by the KGB in 1985 and executed soon after. The CIA was scrambling to make a connection in the Soviet Union after the loss of the extremely productive spy Oleg Penkovsky for clandestine acquisition of technology for the West in the 1960s, though the agency was hampered by the long shadowcast by ultraparanoid chief of Moscow counterintelligence James Angleton, who believed the KGB was employing a vast master planof deception,and thus he trusted no one. Once he left in 1975, a younger generation of more enterprising officers trained in Berlin and other Eastern Bloc citiese.g., Burton Gerber, who advocated for rigorous sifting of genuine sources from phony ones. Consequently, when a Russian engineer at Moscows Scientific Research Institute for Radio Engineering repeatedly approached American diplomats with his declared access to the development of a look-down, shoot-downradar system, they finally paid attention. Given the code name CKSPHERE, Tolkachev was motivated to photograph reams of priceless documents out of deep resentment of the impassable, hypocritical demagogueryof the Soviet state. Inspired by famous defectors Viktor Belenko and Andrei Sakharov, Tolkachev also wanted moneythe six figuresthat Belenko reportedly got, as well as rock albums for his teenage son, all of which would push him to take too many risks. Hoffman ably navigates the many strands of this complex espionage story.

An intricate, mesmerizing portrayal of the KGB-CIA spy culture.

 Kirkus