類別:社會科學/趨勢.
 (版權窗口 繁體: David  簡體: David  )
Mindless: Why Smarter Machines are Making Dumber Humans
為什麼機器越來越聰明人類越來越笨
版本: 精裝240頁  2014 年 2 月 11 日  Basic Books出版
ISBN:978-0465018444
相關連結:
內容介紹

我們生活在電腦商務系統的年代(Computer Business Systems,簡稱CBSs),許多大企業越來越仰賴電腦科技做決策與管理。然而在《為什麼機器越來越聰明人類越來越笨》一書中,作者賽門‧海德(Simon Head)指出電腦科技某種程度已經取代了人類的專業知識,電腦系統透過搜集資訊與分析,幫許多企業設定員工的指標與企業的經營策略。在這個過程中許多中產階級的工作所需的技術程度因為自動化與電腦運算一直降低,導致電腦越來越聰明,人類越來越笨的情況。電腦商務系統之於知識經濟正如以前底特律工廠生產線之於大量生產(mass production)一樣。

但是電腦商務在處理人與人之間的商業交易、健康保險、教育、顧客關係與人力資源時往往顯得冷血無情不太適用。企業在運用電腦商務系統時往往也會剝奪員工的自主性和技能。最後導致薪水不斷下調,人們越工作越窮的情況。

《為什麼機器越來越聰明人類越來越笨》這本書是給信仰科技的人類的一記警鐘,若人類不去思考完全仰賴電腦系統,未來人類的尊嚴將一點一滴的流失,人類只淪為白領生產線的一個齒輪而已。

作者介紹

賽門‧海德(Simon Head)是牛津大學羅瑟米爾美國研究所研究員(Rothermere American Institute at Oxford),也是紐約大學公共知識學院的資深研究員之一(Institute for Public Knowledge at New York University)。他的第一本書《The New Ruthless Economy》廣受各大媒體好評,包括《紐約書評》 (New York Review of Books)、《洛杉磯時報》(Los Angeles Times)等。

英國倫敦經濟學院(London School of Economics)的理察.辛力德( Richard Sennett )曾表示「賽門‧海德對於當代經濟的困境做了很精闢的分析」

賽門‧海德曾是倫敦《新政治家》駐美記者,另外也曾是《金融時報》(Financial Times) 駐法屬印度支那的記者。

書評

“With insight and clarity, Simon Head describes the insidious effects of combining scientific management with IT systems and its propensity to create a world of top-down control, where workers are stripped of skills and satisfaction in their work. His fascinating account ranges from Walmart and Amazon’s tightly controlled supply chains to Goldman Sachs’s manipulation of sub-prime mortgages. In doing so he shows how the drive to automate human abilities and increase profits has depressed wages and undermined economies.”—Lord Robert Skidelsky, author of Keynes: The Return of the Master

“Simon Head’s penetrating and eloquent book shows how mass surveillance is already manipulating employees in business. Are citizens next? It provides clues about where government surveillance is heading—or maybe we are already there.”—Avner Offer, Chichele Professor (emeritus) of Economic History, University of Oxford, and Fellow of All Souls College

“The world abounds in enthusiastic technologists offering their vision of the ideal, democratic future to which technology will deliver us, if only we are willing to follow. Simon Head’s penetrating Mindless, with its well-chosen and impressively unpredictable case studies of Computer Business Systems in the workplace, the military, and academia, gives us reasons—and the tools—to question such advice. Importantly, Head shows us that the future is not inevitable. We have choices, and for the good of society we need to make them.”—Paul Duguid, co-author of The Social Life of Information

 

“The regimented society has arrived, and Simon Head is its most probing critic. He not only shows the grip of computerized bureaucracy on people’s lives, he also analyzes the economic interests and political processes which drive regimentation. This wide-ranging book is clearly and at times eloquently written. A must-read.”—Richard Sennett, author of Together: The Rituals, Pleasures and Politics of Cooperation