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Personal Intelligence: The Power of Personality and How It Shapes Our Lives
版本：288頁 2014 年 2 月 18 日 Scientific American / Farrar, Straus and Giroux出版
我們時常好奇別人在想些什麼？設想他/她為什麼是這樣的人？事實上，想要了解別人的這股動機，幫助我們更容易融入社會。在《人際智商》(PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE)中，知名心理學家John D. Mayer提出創新思維，他主張「了解性格」是促進我們心理健康的關鍵要素。每個人都具備「人際智商」，此精練的指引系統幫助我們理解別人個性養成的動機和特點，也幫助我們了解自己。
作者John D. Mayer曾經參與研究「情緒智商」 (emotional intelligence, EQ)理論，他表明更加廣泛、有引導性的「人際智商」(personal intelligence)確實存在，除了協助我們開發正確、適應和抗壓的自覺能力，也能幫助我們了解自己和他人。更重要的是，「人際智商」(personal intelligence)可以靠自我培養得來，實例證明它與我們的健康和幸福指數息息相關。
John D. Mayer依據心理學典型案例和開創性先進研究，引用傑出籃球運動員和天才畫像藝術家、《華盛頓郵報》發行人凱薩琳．葛蘭姆(Mrs.Katherine Graham)、近代美國詩人Ogden Nash、電視秀主持人歐普拉(Oprah) 等名人為論述，首度闡述「人際智商」是由多樣化技能(之前被視為毫無關聯)形成的心智能力，也是我們評價自己和他人的核心所在。John D. Mayer並以「人際智商」值(PI)較高的人為例，探討他們解決問題之道，包括：如何預期別人的行為、如何長期激勵自己等。書中並包含如何提升個人「人際智商」值(PI)的寶貴建言，讓讀者獲益匪淺。
John D. Mayer is a groundbreaking and award-winning psychologist. His work on emotional intelligence provided much of the foundation for Daniel Goleman’s bestselling book and movement. Here, Mayer argues that there exists a broader, guiding intelligence called “personal intelligence,” and that this intelligence is the key to our well-being in the social, business, and romantic realms.
We are all curious about what people are thinking and what makes them tick. This urge to understand others helps us to adapt successfully to the world around us. In the years since his pioneering work in emotional intelligence, Mayer has been constructing a theory of a separate personal intelligence—the ability to sort through, consolidate, and prioritize the information that we have about ourselves and other people. We all possess this type of intelligence, a master guidance system that allows us to understand the motives, traits, and plans that direct people’s personalities, including our own. Personal intelligence is what enables us to create a sense of ourselves that is accurate, flexible, and resilient. More importantly, it is an intelligence we can cultivate, and there is evidence that it contributes significantly to our health and well-being.
Drawing on both classic case studies and cutting-edge research--and illustrating his points with examples from successful baseball players to talented portrait artists, as well as individuals ranging from Katherine Graham, to Ogden Nash, to Oprah--he demonstrates that a diverse group of skills, previously regarded as unrelated, form a coherent mental ability we use to evaluate ourselves and others. He shows how people high in personal intelligence (or PI) solve problems that range from anticipating other people’s behavior to motivating themselves over the long term. Describing these skills for the first time, and providing readers with suggestions for ways to improve their own PI, Mayer puts forward an important message about personality and happiness.
In PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE, Mayer introduces a major new way of thinking about human capability, a new intelligence that is essential to our ability to integrate the various aspects of our personalities into a whole that is “who we are.”